Thursday, January 25, 2007

WILLIAM STONE

Read that William Stone, Gov of Md 1648 is related to our Benjamin Stone, not sure how yet.

Gov. William Stone (c. 1603-c. 1659/60) and Verlinda StoneWilliam Stone served as Maryland’s first Protestant Governor, and he and his wife Verlinda both took action to preserve freedom of religion in Maryland.William Stone was born in England around 1603 and came from a well-known merchant family in London. However, William chose to come to America, and migrated to Virginia in 1628. He was successful there, working as a merchant and planter. He was respected by his neighbors and was appointed justice of the peace and then sheriff in Accomack County, Virginia.He also served as a burgess in the Virginia Assembly. However, when civil war broke out in England, many Protestants who supported the Parliament were no longer welcome in Virginia, which supported the King. At this time, Lord Baltimore, the proprietor of Maryland, began trying to attract more settlers to Maryland, and many Protestants left Virginia. William Stone and his wife Verlinda came to Maryland in 1648. That same year Stone was given a great opportunity. With civil war still going on in England and with many new Protestant settlers in Maryland, Lord Baltimore wanted to appoint a Protestant Governor. He chose William Stone, probably partly to reward Stone for promising to bring hundreds of settlers to Maryland. Stone served as Governor for six years until some of the more radical Protestants, called Puritans, gained control of the government and began to pass laws which restricted religious freedom.Stone decided he needed to fight back, so he organized about 100 supporters and marched against the rebels in the Battle of Severn. He was greatly outnumbered, and after losing nearly half his men and being wounded in the shoulder, Stone surrendered. He was made a prisoner and held for over a month. While he was in captivity, his wife Verlinda tried to help him by writing to Lord Baltimore. She made sure the proprietor knew exactly what happened so he could protect both her husband and the colony. Stone was eventually released from prison and resumed his position as Governor. He died in 1660, leaving 14,950 pounds of tobacco for his wife and seven children.Verlinda soon started acquiring more land for her family. In 1664 she patented 300 acres of land in Charles County which she called “Virlinda” and two years later bought 500 more acres in what is now Prince George’s County. She lived in the colony which she and her husband had fought to preserve up until her death in 1675.LINKED DOCUMENTS OR IMAGES:
Inventory of Verlinda Stone, PREROGATIVE
COURT (Inventories and Accounts) 1678, Liber 5, folio 354, MSA S536-6 (1/11/2/15)

MSA SC 2221-3-5 1655. Verlinda
Stone's letter from a 17th century pamphlet entitled "Refutation of of
Babylon's Fall,"
by John Langford. Taken from Clayton C. Hall, ed.
Narratives of Early Maryland, 1633-1684. (New York: Charles Scribner's
Sons, 1910), MSA L21689, pp. 265-267. DOCUMENTS FOR THE CLASSROOM
SERIES. Daily Life in the New World, 1634-1715.
Designed and developed
by Edward C. Papenfuse and Dr. M. Mercer Neale, prepared with the assistance
of R. J. Rockefeller, Lynne MacAdam and other members of the Archives staff.
1993. MSA SC 2221-03. Publication no. 3916. -->
Allegorical Painting of Cecil Calvert Presenting the Acts of Toleration to Gov. William Stone, oil painting, 1853, by Tompkins Harrison Matteson (1813-1884), sometimes erroneously entitled: The Founding of Maryland. Painting is located in the Senate Lounge, Maryland State House. MSA SC1545-2551.
MSA SC 2221-3-2 1649. Act
Concerning Religion [known as the Act of Toleration]
. GOVERNOR AND
COUNCIL (Proceedings) 1637-1657 MSA S1071-2 and GENERAL ASSEMBLY, UPPER
HOUSE (Proceedings) MSA S 977-1, ff. 354-359. DOCUMENTS FOR THE CLASSROOM
SERIES. Daily Life in the New World, 1634-1715.
Designed and developed
by Edward C. Papenfuse and Dr. M. Mercer Neale, prepared with the assistance
of R. J. Rockefeller, Lynne MacAdam and other members of the Archives staff.
1993. MSA SC 2221-03. Publication no. 3916. -->
Edward C. Papenfuse, An Act Concerning Religion, April 21, 1649: An Interpretation and Tribute To The Citizen Legislators of Maryland, adaptation and expansion from an essay by Gerald W. Johnson. Maryland State Archives, DOCUMENTS FOR THE CLASSROOM SERIES. Religious Toleration in Maryland, April 21, 1649 MSA SC 2221-25 March 1999. SOURCES:
Hall, Clayton, Colman, Narratives of Early Maryland, 1633-1684. New York: Barnes & Noble, Inc.,1910.
Maloney, Eric John, Papists and Puritans in Early Maryland: Religion in the Forging of Provincial Society, 1632-1665. PhD. Dissertation, State University of New York at Stony Brook, 1996.
Papenfuse, Edward C., et al. A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789, 2 vols. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979.

1 comment:

Laurenisajedihaha said...

HI! I was actually browsing around for information regarding another William Stone: Bishop William Murray Stone-who I believe is a descendant of this William Stone you're talking about. The reason why I'm so interested, in both actually, is because I believe these people may be related to my 5th great grandfather, Cuthbert Stone who was born about 1755. He fought in the revolution and enlisted in St. Mary's county, MD which is one county over from Charles county where the Stone family was mainly situated later during the Revolutionary War. I thought that was too much of a coincidence to ignore and the only information I have about my ancestor's father is that his father's name may either be John or William. Not sure if you could help me out at all, but just wanted to say that I'm currently researching these people and their family too, so if you were ever interested maybe we could help each other :)