Monday, August 27, 2007

Captives of 1704: Abigail Nims, The Cordwainer's Daughter

Lesson 8Captives of 1704: Abigail Nims, The Cordwainer's Daughter
Goodwife Nims, at her wheel by the west window, looked across Town Street at a boy, very small and very sad, who sat on the door- step opposite.
Freedom French, the blacksmith's daughter, had run in for the loan of a half teacup of salt, and to her Mary Nims now said,
"Aye, 'tis little Josiah Rising sent here, they tell me, because his father's house was already running over with children when the last one came. Their cousins, the Hindsells here, as yet have ne'er had a one. So strange are the ways of Providence! He's to help Mehuman with the animals, and do the churning and such, for his bed and board. Belike he misses his brothers and sisters, poor lamb!" And her big mother-heart yearned over the waif across the way.
"Come, Abby," she said later to the baby-girl, who had waked from her noon-day nap, and was just finishing her brewis, "let's over to the Hindsells', and see what like is the poor motherless lad."
Holding the child by both dimpled little hands, she guided the tiny feet as they plunged ahead. Small Josiah on the doorstep turned large, unhappy eyes on the pair as they neared him.
"Aye, she's in," he said, fighting back the tears.
At that moment Abby gave a wilder plunge and slipped from her mother's grasp. She would have fallen head first against the stone doorstep had not the lad sprung forward and caught her in his arms. A peal of laughter rippled from her lips. She clapped her hands and offered him her dewy mouth to kiss.
The homesick lad had found a friend. After that they were close companions. Chores morning and night, and daily lessons at Master Richards's next door, took much of Josiah's time, but he was often at the Nims's cheery hearth, or, as Abby grew older, roaming with her as far as they might go in sight of the stockade.
Iris and forget-me-not bloomed for them freely by the brook, but the violets were her favorites. Josiah thought them like her eyes. He took her to visit the ground-sparrow's nest, with its four or five mottled eggs. In the Autumn he filled her lap with shining chestnuts. When snow came he drew her about on the little sled he had made.
Nearly two happy years passed in this way when one day there was news that the Indians were coming and Josiah was forbidden to take Abby outside the fort any more. But there was always plenty to do indoors, what with games
[illustration caption: POPPING CORN]
with the twins and the popping of corn and the roasting of nuts and apples. Godfrey Nims often let them play in his shop while he cobbled and tapped little tunes on his neighbors' shoes.
Then there was the baby! Abigail's married sister had moved with her husband into a cave in the hillside to be safe from the Indians. Their underground life gave a thrill to Josiah, but it was the new baby that pleased Abby most. With eyes smarting from the smoke and feet like little lumps of ice, she would sit and hold her niece by the half hour.
It was now the 29th of February, 1704. That morning Josiah overheard his cousin Mehuman talking with Godfrey Nims about strange sounds that many had heard in the night.
Poor Josiah was haunted all day by the vision of savages. He wanted to look in the snow outside the palisade for their footprints. In the school-room wild faces glared at him from his book. In vain Master Richards scolded him.
Shivering he went to bed, but not to sleep. At a late hour he dozed off. It seemed only a moment later that he woke in the dark to find his fearful dreams come true. The faces were there!
He wondered why the demons did not murder him. Instead he was bound and almost thrown into the meeting-house. A woman and child were pushed in at the same time. It was Abigail and her mother!
On the march toward Canada the three kept together, but Mary Nims each day grew weaker. She and Josiah both knew what this was to mean. At last she beckoned him to one side.
"My lad," she faltered, "you have ever been to me as one of my own. The end for me draws nigh. Promise me, Josiah Rising, that you will shield my baby as far as in you lies." And the boy promised.
For a time Abigail cried for her mother. As only Josiah could quiet her, the Indians let them travel together.
And so it happened that they were taken to the same Indian settlement in Canada.
In the shadow of a mountain near Montreal, on the bank of the Prairie River, stood the fort of Sault au Recollet, known to the English as Fort Oso. It had been built by the French for the protection of their Indian converts. To this fort, with its great stone wall and rude towers, our two captives were brought.
Winter with its many hardships was over. The mild air was musical with bird song. To the worn and half-starved captives the sight of bark wigwams in the shade of friendly trees was most welcome. To one of these Josiah followed his Indian master, and into another the squaw Ganastarsi took wee Abigail.
Soon they were quite at home with papooses and puppies, playing the Indian games, speaking Iroquois, and answering to the names Shoentakaani and Taatogaach, though Abigail was bap- tized by the Jesuits as Mary Elizabeth and Josiah as Ignace.
The damp and smoky wigwam was like the Munns's cave, and her bright new blanket was better than Abigail's Puritan clothes, now in rags. Save for her blue eyes, the change was complete. She had already grown used to dirt, and to scant, coarse fare, though not yet to being slapped and beaten.
There came a day when Ganastarsi washed the child's face and hands and led her to the nuns' school.
"The poor baby!" whispered the Lady Superior. She herself was an English captive from Maine. She took Abigail and combed her matted hair. Then she washed the baby face and hands. This time they were clean. Next she found some clean clothes, and, when she had dressed the chilld, took her in to the other sisters. They made a great fuss over her.
"After this, my child," said Sister Marie des Anges, "you will go to mass. You can go with the other girls. And--you are to learn the creed and catechism." Abigail would have learned anything for the beautiful Sister Marie des Anges!
Now she was taught how to read and write and to speak French. Every weekday afternoon she sat with the Indian girls and learned
from the patient sisters to sew and knit, and later to make lace and to spin.
But, best of all, she liked attending mass on Sunday, when the boys and girls of the mission went in procession to church, where were bright pictures of the saints and of the blessed Jesus and his mother, with tall candles burning before them on the altar. She knew Josiah's voice above the rest of the choir, without turning to look, which would have been a sin.
He, too, was learning useful things, like carpentry and shoemaking, for he would soon be a man.
Down in the village how different were the lessons they learned! from war-parties returning with scalps, from torture of prisoners, and from war-songs and dances lasting into the night, all cruelty and hate!
And these fiends went to mass and called themselves Christians! It was too hard for Josiah to understand. All hope for his own escape had long since died out of his heart. Even could he get away there was his promise to Mary Nims. He might not leave Abigail behind.
Ensign John Sheldon, sent by the Governor of Massachusetts, had made more than one visit to the fort in search of captives, but Josiah each time would be away hunting, sent purposely by his master. At such times, too, Abigail was hidden away by the sisters somewhere in the convent.
Abigail was confirmed when she was ten years old, and, all in white and in a shimmering white veil, she went up to the altar for her first communion. Ignace was there in his white surplice, and it was he who swung the censer. To the little devotee he was always Ignace, not Shoentakaani, as with the Iroquois, and never any more Josiah.
Later, her brother John came from Deerfield, with Lieutenant Samuel Williams, to demand her release. Her father, John said, had left her a little property. Would she not come home and claim it?
The sisters were made very happy when their little Mary Elizabeth answered that she would rather stay a poor girl with them than leave them to be a rich heiress.
And deep down in his heart Ignace was not sorry.
It is early summer in Westfield, Massachusetts.
At the edge of the common a group of men and boys have gathered about an evil-faced Indian, with him a young squaw. To one side of the crowd two men, king's officers, stand watching.
"I tell you, Barnard," Col Partridge is saying, "she is no squaw, but a white woman. Why, man alive! her eyes are blue! Blue as"—he looks around and spies some flowers at their feet, "blue as those violets!"
Captain Barnard smiles at the old veteran. "For all that, Partridge, the woman may be a halfbreed, French and Indian belike. "Tis a common sort in the north, you remember."
"She is an English captive, I tell you," shouts the Colonel. "I would take my oath upon it. I believe the maid is Godfrey Nims's daughter, from your own town. Was ever a greater crime in this county of Hampshire? An English maid put up for sale like any cattle!"
"But Nims's daughters were all killed ten years ago--all save Mistress Munn. Hold! I remember now there was a child of four or thereabouts--Abigail, I think, they called her. Can it be possi- ble that this poor Indian creature and she are the same?"
"Talk with her, Barnard, and with the scoundrel who leads her."
Captain Barnard pushes his way through a crowd for a close look at the young squaw--skin brown, hair hidden by a gay blanket, exactly like an Indian. Suddenly she turns her eyes full upon him. Heavens and earth! Partridge was right. Violets are no bluer!
Her name is Taatogaach, the girl says. Any other? Mary Elizabeth. Her master Elawacamb wants a price, but she will go to the highest bidder. Barnard's anger rises that this is possible in a Christian land. Barter and sale of English among English! Yet if the Indian won her in battle, no power save that of purchase can take her from him.
So, through purchase, Abigail returned to Deerfield after all. She lived with her brother John and his wife on old Town Street, once more in Puritan garb, as she helped in the work of the household.
But to John, his wife Elizabeth said, "I can make naught of her. When I gave her that pretty cloak she made no more sign than when she scalded her foot the day before. I doubt she will always be Indian."
They would have wondered could they have read her mind. All through the long, busy days, whether tending cradle, sewing or spinning, one name was always in her thoughts and "Ignace!" was the cry of her lonely heart.
These Deerfield people were strange, and their ways more so. On the Sabbath they gathered twice a day in a box they called a meeting-house, where a solemn Mr. Williams spoke for hours from the pulpit. There were no candles, no incense, no pictures, no choir-boys --no Ignace! She missed the sisters of the mission school, the priest to whom she made confession and--Ignace.
When Spring came with the singing of birds and the soft breath from the forests, Elizabeth noticed that Abigail seemed restless. There was a look in the blue eyes as of something caged. One morning the young matron called her sister twice without an answer. Hurrying above to the girl's room she found it empty. The bird had flown!
On a chair, neatly folded, lay the clothes Elizabeth had so carefully made for her. Only her blanket was missing.
With the training of the savage, Taatogaach found her way to Montreal reading the signs of the forest, of stars and streams. For her it was no new thing to live on bark and wild roots. Safely she stole by hostile Indian and deadly wild beast. Footsore and fainting she paused outside Fort Oso.
The first one to walk out through the gate was Ignace!
They were married soon after, the groom nearly twenty-one, the bride fifteen. Happy in the union of their dear children Sister Marie and the other nuns were present. Many of the Iroquois were at the wedding, for Ignace and his bride still belonged to their tribe.
Later, because of their good lives, the priests gave them a large grant of land on which they built a home where they reared a family of eight children and were in all things a pattern to the savages.
The eldest daughter became a nun and was sent as a missionary to the Iroquois. In this way Abigail Nims and Josiah Rising returned to their enemy good for evil.
Today the descendants of Ignace and Elizabeth Raizenne live under their original roof-tree, and there you may drink to the memory of the two captives, in wine from vines of their own planting, or, if you prefer, in cool, clear water from the well dug by the hands of Josiah Rising.
top of page

Josiah Rising (Ignace Raizenne) and Abigail Nims (Elisabeth Nims)

In 1762, Oliver Quesnel's great great grandson and Arthur Quesnel's great great grandfather, Antoine Quesnel married Elizabeth Sequin. Elizabeth was the granddaugher of Ignace Raizenne and Elisabeth Nims, formerly "Josiah Rising and Abigail Nims", survivors of the historic 1704 Deerfield, Massachusetts Massacre. Josiah Rising (10 yrs. old) and Abigail Nims (4 yrs. old) were 2 captives taken to Quebec, adopted and raised by the Kanienkehaka (Mohawk). Ignace was given the new name of Shoentak'ani and Abigail the new name of T'atog'ach. They were released and placed in the Catholic Mission in 1713, baptized for the 3rd time and given new names: Ignace Raizenne and Elisabeth Nims. They were married in 1715 and raised their family in Oka, Quebec. Their home still stands today.
In 1889 a spruce tree from the Quebec home site of Josiah Rising & Abigail Nims was planted at the Museum in Deerfield, Massachusetts in their memory. See the following link:

More info on the Nims from this site:

The background of Godfrey Nims of Deerfield, Massachusetts, common ancestor of those with the name of Nims, is shrouded in mystery. One family tradition has it that he was a Huguenot, came to America as a lad, at first spelled his name Godefroi de Nismes, but changed the spelling to suit the colonial pronunciation. Yet some support is also available to suggest he was of English birth, though perhaps with French ancestry. No documentary evidence has been found to verify any country of origin despite efforts made over the years.
Regardless of his birthplace, the first official record of Godfrey Nims appears on September 24, 1667, in a Springfield, Massachusetts court record.
"James Bennet, Godfrey Nims & Benoni Stebbins, young lads of Northampton being by Northampton Commissionrs bound ouer to this Corte to answer for diverse crimes & misdemeanrs comitted by them, were brought to this Corte by ye Constable of yt Towne wch 3 lads are accused by Robert Bartlett for that they gott into his house two Sabbath dayes when all the family were at the Publike Meeting: On ye first of wch tymes, they vizt. 24 shillings in silver & 7s in Wampum with the intention to run away to the ffrench: Al which is by them confessed, wch wickedness of theires hath also been accompanyd with frequent lying to excuse & justify themselves especially on Nims his pt, who it seemes hath been a ringleader in their vilainys: ffor all wch their crimes and misdemeanors this Corte doth Judge yt the said 3 lads shalbe well whipt on their naked bodys vizt, Nims & Bennet with 15 lashes apeece & Bononi Stebbins with 11 lashes. And the said Nims & Stebbins are to pay Robert Bartlett the summe of 4L being counted treble according to law for what goods he hath lost by their meanes. "
Archival records of Massachusetts list Godfrey Nims as one of many from Northampton who signed a petition in 1668 requesting relief from taxation on goods brought into the colony's ports. He also appears with others when taking the Oath of Fidelity to the government on March 25, 1672/3, at the County Court at Northampton. Again, family tradition tells us that Godfrey soon came to Deerfield, Massachusetts around 1670, perhaps as early as the third settler. A deed dated 1679 gives the first written indication that Godfrey settled at Deerfield, where he later shared in the holding of public offices, including constable, tax collector, selectman, and later, as a member of the school committee. The present White Church, town office, town hall, and Memorial Hall all stand on land formerly owned by Godfrey. J. R. Trumbull's History of Northampton, Massachusetts describes Godfrey as "the owner of considerable property honored and respected citizen."
In 1677, Godfrey married Mary Miller Williams, widow of Zebediah Williams who had been killed earlier by Indians. Following the death of Mary in 1688, Godfrey married Mehitable Smead Hull in 1692, widow of Jeremiah Hull. He had six children with Mary and five with Mehitable, in addition to caring for two stepchildren each that the widows brought to the marriages. As the records demonstrate, Godfrey Nims joined the Puritan society in the Connecticut Valley, learned to make his living as a cordwainer (shoemaker) as well as a farmer, and raised a large family. Like other settlers, he shared the work and faced tragedies and dangers common to the area. The greatest blow came on February 29, 1704, when about 2 hours before day "ye French & Indian enemy made an attaque upon Derefield, entering ye Fort with Little discovery though it is sd ye watch shot of a gun & cryed Arm, weth verry few heard." The attackers burned most buildings and killed or took captive most of the settlers. Godfrey died within a year, and it is from the four surviving children, John, Ebenezer, Thankful and Abigail, that members of the Nims family are descended.
Godfrey Nims Boulder Dedication, August 13, 1914. L-R, Norris G. Nims, Ruth M. Nims, Charlotte S. Nims, Estelle C. Nims, and Charlotte's mother, Emma B. Nims.
A Summary of the Godfrey Nims Family
Spouse #1, Mary Miller WilliamsChildren:
Mary Williams, b. December 24, 1673. Godfrey's stepdaughter later married Nathanial Brooks in 1695 at Deerfield. Nathanial, Mary, and two young children were all captured in the 1704 raid. Nathanial later was redeemed; the fate of the two children is unknown. Mary Williams Brooks, on the 8th day of the forced march, relayed that she had been "disabled by a fall on the ice, causing a miscarriage during the night. I will not be able to travel far, and I know they will kill me today." Speaking with her minister, also one of the captives, she asked, "Pray for me that God would take me to himself." They parted and she went calmly to certain death, March 7, 1704.
Zebediah Williams, b. 1675; captured by Indians with stepbrother John Nims on October 8, 1703. Died a captive in Canada on April 12, 1706.
Rebecca Nims, b. August 12, 1678; died August 30, 1678.
John Nims, b. August 14, 1679; captured by Indians October 8, 1703, and escaped from Canada in 1705. Married his step-sister Elizabeth Hull on December 19, 1707. He died December 29, 1762.
Rebecca Nims, b. August 14, 1679, a twin of John. Married Philip Mattoon January 15, 1702/3. She was killed in the 1704 raid on Deerfield, age 24. Philip was captured and died on the forced march to Canada.
Henry Nims, b. April 29, 1682; killed in 1704 at Deerfield, age 22.
Thankful Nims, b. August 29, 1684; married Benjamin Munn January 15, 1702/3; d. July 11, 1746.
Ebenezer Nims, b. March 14, 1686/7; captured and taken to Canada in the 1704 raid; redeemed in 1714; returned to Deerfield with fellow captive and wife Sarah Hoyt.
Spouse # 2, Mehitable Smead HullChildren:
Elizabeth Hull, b. December 23, 1688; married step-brother John Nims as noted above; d. September 21, 1754.
Jeremiah Hull, b. January 15, 1690; burned to death in the house of his father Nims, when that home was destroyed by fire, January 4, 1693/4.
Thomas Nims, b. November 6, 1693; d. at the age of three, September 10, 1697.
Mehitable Nims, b. May 16, 1696; killed in 1704 at Deerfield, age 7.
Mary Nims, b. February 28, 1698/9; killed in 1704 at Deerfield, age 5.
Mercy Nims, b. February 28, 1698/9; a twin of Mary, also killed in 1704 at Deerfield, age 5.
Abigail Nims, b. May 27, 1700; captured in the 1704 raid at Deerfield, and taken to Canada as captive. She remained in Canada the rest of her life, marrying fellow captive Josiah Rising, (Ignace Raizenne.)
Note the toll of Godfrey's family members killed or taken captive in the 1704 raid on Deerfield: his second wife captured, dying on the forced march to Canada. One son killed, and one captured, to be redeemed ten years later; four daughters killed that day; one daughter captured and taken to Canada, never to return. A step-daughter, Mary Williams Brooks, and a son-in-law, Phillip Mattoon, captured and killed on the march; a grandchild, infant Mattoon, killed in the attack. Earlier in 1703, a son and stepson captured and taken to Canada, where one escaped and the other died captive. One might well imagine the burden of these tragedies contributing to Godfrey's death sometime early in 1705.

And some more on Josiah and Abigail here:

Ignace Raizenna and Elisabeth Nims

Interesting information I found on them:

LOUIS SEGUIN-LADEROUTE (son of JEAN BAPTISTE SEGUIN and GENEVIEVE BARBEAU) was born April 08, 1712 in Boucherville, Chambly, Que., and died July 13, 1763 in Oka, Que.. He married M. ANNE RAIZENNE on May 08, 1736 in Oka, Que., daughter of ABIGAIL NIMBS. Notes for LOUIS SEGUIN-LADEROUTE:Generation XIII --------------------------------------------------------------------------------Historical Churches --------------------------------------------------------------------------------Association des Seguin d'Amerique --------------------------------------------------------------------------------Kings of France --------------------------------------------------------------------------------Carignan Regiment --------------------------------------------------------------------------------Time Line --------------------------------------------------------------------------------Guillaume Seguinin Mexico --------------------------------------------------------------------------------Credits Page --------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sign Parchment Page --------------------------------------------------------------------------------View Parchment Page Generation IV The Family of Louis Séguin and Marie Anne RaizenneLouis Séguin (8 Apr 1712, Boucherville, Québec - 13 Jul 1763, Grand Détroit, Québec) married Marie Anne Raizenne (1719, Québec - 27 Mar 1787, Oka, Québec) on Sunday, 8 Apr 1736, at the Church of Our Lady of Loretto (now called the Church of the Annonciation), in Lac des Deux Montagnes (present-day Oka), Québec). Louis Séguin, born 8 Apr 1712, in Boucherville, QC, and baptized in the parish of Ste Famille, was the eldest son of Jean Baptiste Séguin and Genevieve Barbeau. His baptismal entry is recorded as follows and contains the names of his godparents, Louis Reguindeau and Marie Veronneau: L’an mil sept cent douze le neuvieve jour d’avril, je pretre soussigne faisant les fonctions curiales dans la paroisse de la Ste Famille de Boucherville, ai baptise Louis, né le jour précédent de Jean Baptiste Séguin et de Genevieve Barbot son épouse. Le parain a été Louis Reguindo, la maraine Marie Veroneau qui ont déclaré ne savoir signer de ce requis selon l’ordonnance.C. Dauzat ptre English translation: The year 1712, the 9th day of April, I the undersigned priest being the parish priest at the parish of Holy Family of Boucherville, baptize Louis, born the preceding day of Jean Baptiste Séguin and Genevieve Barbeau his spouse. The godfather is Louis Reguindeau, the godmother Marie Veronneau who declare as not being able to sign according to the ordinance.C. Dauzat, priest On his 24th birthday, 8 Apr 1736, Louis married 16 year old Marie Anne Raizenne in the church of the Annociation, Oka, QC. Marie Anne was the daughter of Ignace Raizenne and Elisabeth Nims, both of whom had been seized as captives in their childhood during the French and Indian raid on the New England village of Deerfield, Massachusetts on 29 Feb 1704. (As children they were originally named Josiah Rising and Abigail Nims but when baptized by the French, were given new names in honor of St Ignatius and Ste Elizabeth.) Since it is such an historically interesting story, I will depart momentarily from the story of Louis Séguin and Marie Anne Raizenne’s lives in order to share the tale of her parents. More About LOUIS SEGUIN-LADEROUTE:Education: 1736, Able to write.Fact 1: 1744, Marieville ?.Fact 2: 1752, concession # 49, Hudson.Fact 3: Major commander of Oka Fort..Occupation: Lieutenant de la Milice.Sources: April 08, 1736, PRDH, U. of Montreal, Que..More About LOUIS SEGUIN-LADEROUTE and M. ANNE RAIZENNE:Marriage: May 08, 1736, Oka, Que..Children of LOUIS SEGUIN-LADEROUTE and M. ANNE RAIZENNE are:
+FRANCOIS SALES SEGUIN, b. September 1740, Deux Montagne, Que., d. 1817, Vaudreuil, Que..

Leonardville, Ks

I just came across this site this morning. Looks like they will be adding alot of useful info from the past :)

Main Street Leonardville, KS circa 1909

My Seguin Line

Much of my Seguin line is listed here

Downtown Leonardville-circa 1915

History of Leonardville-Mentions Watson and Delbert Brees

History of LeonardvilleWritten in August 1956
The actual town now known as Leonardville was started 75 years ago with great hopes and dreams. This was prairie and very little broken land at that time. Settlers were here and the town of Riley Centre was growing. Manhattan, Randolph, Clay Center and Winkler's Crossing were already established. There was a trading center at Fancy Creek started in 1862 by Richard Burk, a German.Rev. L. N. Dalsten in the Jubilee Album of the Walsburg Church has written: "Why did these men choose this vicinity for their future homes? The locality was suggestive of hardships. There were no transportation facilities, distances were forbidding, the conformation of the land itself suggested difficulties in cultivation. The soil was meager on the hilltops and the small plots of valley land were subject to inundation. There were Indians and innumerable rumors of Indians and their fearful depredations. These people however, had the true spirit of the pioneer and nothing could daunt them. There were a great many hardships and obstacles to contend with. They were without money. It was exceedingly difficult to procure building material for their homes, implements with which to work their farms, grain for seeding purposes, and the necessary stock. The markets were distant."When Mr. C.G. Cederberg and his brother, Elof, arrived in Kansas City they were without funds to proceed further and walked overland from Kansas City to Walsburg.The history of the churches of the vicinity is also the history of the territory. Mrs. Oscar Johnson writes: "In 1866 two brothers (Daniel August Ekblad and Frans Jonas Ekblad) came to this vicinity seeking home sites for themselves. They settled near Walnut Creek, a mile north of where Walsburg Church now stands. I said 'settled' for those were homestead days. Soon others arrived on the scene till within a year there were a dozen or more."This was the beginning of the Walsburg community. The country was then rough and untilled, distances and transportation were real problems - no railroads - no bridges - nor any roads of any kind anywhere. These newcomers were poor, they needed implements, tools, and building materials as well as seeds to plant. All they had plenty of were trees and rocks, etc. - and a lot of: ambition, will-power and faith. Some of them lived in dugouts and walked over-land to Manhattan and other places to labor for wages to buy provisions."It is difficult for us, who today enjoy modern homes supplies and transportation to visualize how these pioneers lived."These folks in the Walsburg Community were all Swedish immigrants of the Lutheran faith. They were aware of their spiritual needs and tried to satisfy some of these by having the pastor from the nearest church, namely Mariadahl, come for visits at intervals. At such a visit a meeting was called for the purpose of organizing a congregation of their own. The Mariadahl pastor presided. Eighteen men signed then for membership and some wives and children - a list of thirty-one communicants and seventeen children. The constitution of the Augustana Synod was adopted and request was made to be admitted at its next meeting."At first worship services were held in the homes, then later, in the public school house. Not until in 1877 was the congregation able to start its own house of worship though the question had been brought up several times previously. Now an offer of ten acres of land for a Church site and cemetery was received from G.L. Ruthstrom, with a gift of one hundred dollars added to start a building fund."Others chipped in with money and labor and the building was started - laying stone upon stone, chiseling and shaping by hand - no power tools and no machines then and no big building fund of money to take from."The Church was erected of stone. Dimensions were 55x52 feet and the belfry was 14xl4 feet. Before too long these pioneers were worshipping in their own Church home though the interior was not finished for some time yet. Not until 1880 did they procure an organ and the bell was not hung until in 1883. The pastors of the Mariadahl Church served Walsburg the first twelve years."The congregation has grown now into many branches of service for God's Kingdom. It has a membership of two hundred and twenty adults and over fifty children. It has contributed a number of full-time workers to the Lord's service. Two of her sons will be ordained in the Lutheran ministry at the meeting of the Augustana Synod in Minnesota this year."Our Church is getting old. It has stood through fair and stormy weather, in joys and sorrows, but through it all it appears to bear its age well."The basic structure is still there. To it has been added a Sacristy, Parish hall and kitchen. After a disastrous fire it was reconstructed and re-dedicated in 1918."With a little face-lifting now and then it seems none the worse for its years - standing as a monument to the sturdy pioneers who built to serve toward the Glory of God in their worship and that of their children and their children's children. The fourth generation is now represented on her membership list."This year is our Walsburg Church's 83rd anniversary. For this I shall quote from our hymnal this one stanza: May faith grow firm and love grow warm, and hallowed wishes rise; while round these peaceful walls the storms of earth-born passion dies."The church of our fathers, is it any wonder that we love it? - not only as a House of God, but also for the staunch Christians who built it."In 1876 the Wildcat and Bala cheese factories were started and Winkler's Mill was a going concern bringing industry to this part of the country. In December 1879, Isaac Moon started publication of the May Day Gleaner. This started out as a monthly paper and was printed on a 5-1/2 x 7-1/2 inch press. Two items which it carried were that the Kansas Central Railroad was completed to Garrison in March of 1880 and that Mr. Wm. Schwartz and Miss Louisa G. Schwartz, both of May Day Township, were married November 7, 1880. The subscription list of this little paper was added to that of the Riley Independent in 1881 with Southwick Latchaw and Moon being the publishers.In January 188l, the Riley Independent carried the news that the Germans were making preparations to build a Church at Fairview.From the Riley Independent 1881, February 3. "Now it is decided to build the Narrow Gauge railroad to Clay Centre and next spring is the last chance for Randolph to secure it. Only a few weeks are left them in which to work up the matter and upon their speedy and successful action depends their future chances of becoming a place of any importance. Will the people seize the golden opportunity?"February 17 - "A new post office has been established about five miles north of here (Riley) named Alemibic of which L. Kilbourne's postmaster."Mr. Kilbourne's salary was $1.80 per quarter. Old timers remember that the mail was kept in a sewing machine drawer and a list of unclaimed mail was published at least once a month. Some addresses were as unlikely as "Farmer Johnson, Riley County, Kansas Territory."Also in February the Independent reported that "last Thursday night John Stadel, while returning from Clay Center with a load of coal, was overtaken by a big snow storm, became bewildered and got lost on the prairie. He had to camp out all night, left his wagon, he hardly knows where, and finally found himself near Jerome Walbridges on Madison Creek, Saturday night he had not yet brought in his load of coal."Fashions were also noted in this early paper. "Stripped stockings are no longer fashionable and hereafter the backyards of our first families on washday will not resemble a collection of flags of all nations."It was in early spring of 1881 that the Riley paper reported that the Narrow Gauge Railroad news is very much demoralized. One report is to the effect that the contract for building the bridge over the Blue has been let; another that they are surveying across to Winkler's Mill, leaving Randolph cold. We expect Garrison will be the fizzle end for some time yet. The Alert correspondent reported, "There are so many reports about the Narrow Gauge, I guess it must have went by and we did not see it." And the Bala writer: "We hear that the Narrow Gauge railroad will go by way of Fancy Creek and hope so. We want the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe to come to Bala."Such was the sentiment of the different communities and on such thread was the future of Leonard hung. Three different routes were rumored to have been surveyed; one to Clay Center, one to Winkler's Mill and one six miles north of Riley Centre, to Morganville. That the Kansas Central Railroad is being built across the county.In June the Fairview items noted: "On next Monday, the 20th, McLaughlin and Bros. will open up work at the head of Walnut Creek where the new town will be located - about 4 miles north of Riley Centre. They want 100 men and teams. Wages for man and team $3.00 per day and for laborers $1.50 to $1.75 per day."The rumors were thus settled. The railroad was building a new town and for some time it would be known only as the new railroad town. Complaints were registered that it was hard to get harvest help that year because of the railroad pay.The population census in 1881 showed Bala with 61; Riley Centre 93; and Randolph 262.The work on the railroad west of Garrison progressed rapidly and by August, 1881, it was reported that the central pier of the Kansas Central Railroad bridge across the Blue River is finished and the abutments are hastening toward completion. The proprietors of the new railroad town of Leonard in Riley Co. think Manhattan, Junction City, Clay Center, Blue Rapids, and several little villages are too near that place ever to amount to much. May their brightest hopes be realized.When the rails were laid through, the half way mark between Garrison and Miltonvale was the place the railroad company chose to build a depot and christened it Leonard, in honor of Leonard T. Smith of Leavenworth, who was president of the road at that time.The town site was surveyed and platted in September 1881 and the tracks reached the new town about October 6 of that year. The site comprised a portion of the homesteads of John Ford, Lucien Kilbourne and a part of the Lambert Erpelding section. Mr. Kilbourne donated the right-of-way through his farms and each alternate lot and Mr. Ford gave each alternate lot to the railroad as a consideration for locating the town and surveying and platting the same and recording the town plat which they did in September.The first house built in the new town in 1881 was B.F. Quinn's, Second was Mrs. Tuttle's boarding house, next Sikes Store and the post office.Several buildings were moved from Riley Center that winter.The Riley Independent reported in August that "Rumor says Mr. Quinn who kept a large herd of Texas cattle on the farm of Dr. Crans (of Riley Centre) last spring will establish a lumber yard at Leonard, the new railroad town in this county. And in September items "B.F. Quinn was in town Monday. He intends to have his lumber yard at Leonard running in a couple of weeks."In the early fall there was considerable complaint from hands who worked on the railroad that they could not get all their wages. Residents were warned that a new and dangerous counterfeit silver dollar was in circulation and that everybody should be on the lookout for it. Several cases of rattlesnake bites were reported; the cure being stiff doses of alcohol.Bala items noted the commencement of Sunday School at District 51 at the head of Madison Creek by Mrs. Barkyoumb, Mrs. Lewis, Mrs. Evans and Mrs. Davies. J.H. Jenkins of Bala was certified as a physician and also received a license for the sale of liquor for medicinal, scientific and mechanical purposes. Claud Clark was building a neat house on his homestead.On October 13 the Riley paper reported that quite a number of our townspeople saw the smoke of the locomotive on the Narrow Gauge railroad, 6 miles north of here.The first merchandise shipped over the extension of the Narrow Gauge was on October 12 by B.F. Quinn. He also broke the first ground in the new town and expects to have up the first building. =======On November 3, election day, 1881, William H. Sikes moved a small stock of goods to the new town from Garrison and opened business. S. Sikes, a granddaughter, writes:"Sikes Store Company was founded at Leonardville in 1881 by W.H. Sikes. The store was originally located a block north of its present site, near the corner of a Civil War homestead. In the spring of 1882, Mr. Sikes purchased the office building and the lot where the store now stands, subsequently selling the office building and replacing it with his own 20' by 40' shanty in which he had first set up business. The sale price for the lot and building (which had housed the young town's lumber yard owned by Mr. Quinn) was $150. The office building was then sold for $50 and moved across the street and turned into a drugstore."The new location was a good one, and business was thriving. A cellar was dug under twenty feet of the store building, and the store was set twenty feet back from the street so that it was enlarged to 20' x 60'. The store employed both German and Swedish clerks, and much of the trading was done in those languages. The new store carried a variety of goods: groceries, boots, shoes, clothing, dry goods, all of which were engraved on the letterhead stationery of the young enterprise. Business in boots at that time was very good."Flour was brought by wagon from the many mills around the countryside, and salt came in 300 pound barrels from Chicago. Kerosene came from the east and at one time the store was buying and selling gasoline and kerosene in tank cars, filling iron barrels and shipping them to surrounding towns. Butter was packed in empty sugar barrels and shipped to Kansas City."The store also carried much of the pioneering harvesting machinery. Green coffee was sold in the bulk and Arbuckle's packaged coffee at ten and twelve cents a pound was a favorite. Large quantities of tea in bulk, was sold especially to our German and Welsh customers. Horseshoe chewing tobacco was another product in demand and the store still carries it. For many years, the store catered to its tobacco using customers by providing free packages of smoking tobacco, which were usually smoked in clay pipes."The store fixtures were few; two oval front showcases, a tin hopper scale, a platform scale, a hammer, hatchet and nail puller. There was a money drawer instead of the cash register now used, and purchases, especially groceries, were wrapped in heavy brown sheets of paper, for paper sacks were not then extensively used. The town was prospering and in the years following the founding of the store, Leonardville boasted eight general stores. Bad years followed and competition became rugged; Sikes Store Company gradually became the only survivor of the hard times."Many changes have taken place in the methods of buying and selling food, and of packaging it since the store was first opened. About the time Sikes Store was started, mills had begun to put flour in 50 and 100 pound sacks. This soon ended the old custom of grinding. In the early years of trading, many carloads of flour were sold, but later, with the advent of commercial bread, the sale of flour decreased and ready-made loaves were sold instead."Remodeling was not extensive at Sikes Store until 1909 when the original frame building was replaced by a new stone one. The frame shanty was moved to the back alley of the lot and business was conducted there until the new building was ready for occupancy. Souvenirs of the occasion were small plates, green with a rose design, which said: 1881-1909, Souvenir Opening of Our New Store, W.H. Sikes, Leonardville, Kansas."No other remodeling steps of any significance occurred until the late 1940's when Sikes Store purchased the bank building which was adjacent to it, and then, more recently, when the store underwent several drastic changes. The greatest change was again in the grocery department where a self-service market was installed. One might speculate how a customer of the 1880's would regard the new Sikes Store - there is no free tobacco now, and the age-old custom of chatting on Saturday night in the general store is gradually being displaced. Farmers come to town more frequently during the week now, and Saturday night is a good night for that other great change, television."=======From the Leonardville Monitor: "Mr. Sikes was led to the decision to come to Leonard by the impression he formed of the surrounding country while riding over it buying up a lot of young cattle. The character of the country was such that he arrived at the conclusion that a town located in the midst of such country could not but be a desirable business location."Mr. Sikes, just last week, August 1, 1956, celebrated his 98th birthday by riding his horse, Red. He retired from active work in the store several years ago.In the same month of November, 1881, D. Winters purchased the meat market of J. Roberts of Riley Centre and moved it to Leonard. He moved his residence in December. Robert Walker's house left Riley Centre during November on "wheels."The railroad was causing more trouble, too. The Clay County Times reported in November "The town of Leonard, the next station on the Narrow Gauge east of Green is cutting into our hog market considerably. Several parties tell us that they have received 5 cents per pound for hogs that weigh less than 200. This is more than our hog men are offering. What is the matter?" A locomotive set fire to the prairie grass in the edge of Clay County and consumed several tons of hay for W.F. Weaver and a few tons of 0.P. Hainey's hay.Before moving the weekly Independent from Riley to Manhattan in November of 1881 it reported "The 'Iowa' house made one effort to start for the new town but the rig was not found sufficient to carry it. Whether it will settle down quietly in Riley Centre or will make another effort to go we cannot tell."There was a lot of diphtheria during the winter of 1881.A post office was established in the new town and Mr. Kilbourne was the first postmaster. The Alembic post office was discontinued and Mr. Kilbourne secured Robt. Walker to assist him in the post office which he continued until removed by the first Cleveland administration.About two weeks after Mr. Sikes opened his store the Erpelding Bros., Frank, George and John, opened a store in a wareroom they built on the rear of their lot, as they did not wish to wait until the main building was finished. For a number of years the Erpelding store with a public hall upstairs, was the biggest store in town. Lambert Erpelding, father of the Erpelding Bros., owned the section of land adjoining the town site on the south.Mr. Quinn, the lumber merchant, died the first winter and the yard was sold to John Foster and Sons who, at that time, had yards at Randolph and Olsburg. The lumber yard was moved to a location near the railroad tracks. The Fosters continued the lumber business here for several years, later selling and moving west.The various churches were all busy with revival meetings, with several denominations working in the new town. The Lutheran Church at Walsburg was already built, although the interior could not be finished for a time and the very crudest of furnishings were in use. The Swedish Baptist Church, though without a building, was holding regular meetings. The Evangelical Church was gaining converts. There were several Catholic families here and the Methodist Church was holding Bible classes. The Presbyterians also had a society.=======The following is the Methodist Church history as written by Mrs. Bessie Wohler:"An initial step toward the organization of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Leonardville was the organizing of a Bible class which met in the schoolhouse located just south of the site of the present Methodist Church structure. This class was meeting regularly during the latter months of 1881 and the early months of 1882."In March 1882, Rev. John L. Dawson was appointed to the Leonardville circuit which included Sumner and Union. A parsonage was erected during the first conference year on land contributed by Lucien Kilbourne."The first trustees of the Leonardville charge were Sam Foster, Dr. F.M. Thomas, J.H. Klein, P.J. Stafford, P.F. Loofbourrow, Belling Davis and Wm. Ford."In 1883 the Sumner's appointment was discontinued and the members attended services at the new Union schoolhouse or in Leonardville. Rev. Geo. Havermale was appointed to the charge in March 1883. During the next conference year he organized a class at Grandview which was a part of the Leonardville circuit for many years."Rev. Havermale also was instrumental in organizing a Ladies Aid Society whose first officers were President, Grandma Warren; Secretary, Mrs. Wm. Rogers; Treasurer, Mrs. W.H. Sikes. This organization became very active in 1887 when its goal was to help to build a church building. A young ladies society was also quite active at the time under the leadership of the president, Edith Thomas."A very able and appreciated assistant to the pastors and congregation during this decade was the Rev. Lewis E. Sikes, a retired Congregational minister."In May, 1889, ground was broken for a church building east of the parsonage. The cornerstone was laid by Rev. T.T. Rhodes of Topeka, July 26, 1889 and the foundation was completed by John Lawson in 1889."It was not until 1890 that the building was completed and it was dedicated by Bishop W.X. Nuide of Topeka On December 7, 1890."The first funeral held in the new church home was that of Rosanna (Grandma) Warren who died August 22, 1895."Many things such as a bell in the belfry, a carpet and an organ, were added to the church and a west porch was built onto the parsonage. The Ladies Aide helped on these projects during the period of 1890-1895."In March, 1909, the old Union Schoolhouse burned and the members worshipped at Leonardville under the ministry of W.L. Warnock."During a storm in the summer of 1912, lightning struck and burned the church building. The members immediately set to work to rebuild and the present church edifice was dedicated March, 1913."Among those who wrote their names in the cornerstone of this new building was a little girl, Laura Marjorie Anderson, now Mrs. V.R. Rosell, superintendent of the Junior Department and president of the Women's Society of Christian Service."During E.K. Resler's ministry 1916-1917, the church building debt was paid and the Ladies Aid project was a cement floor in the basement."The membership rolls of the Church and Sunday School during 1900 to 1930 included these family names: Aaron Anderson, Wm. Bond, Geo. Coltharp, Riley Coltharp, Henry Diefendorf, George Peterson, Pierre Creevan, A.H. Chaffee, Daniels, Dr. Droll, Nathan Day, Erpelding, Dr. Edgerton, Ford, Finley, Gugenhan, Hadin, Jenkins, Johnson, Kendall, Lagerquist, Maxwell, Moore, Peterson, Pelischek, Paulsen, Quick, Robinson, Simpson, Stone, Scott, Sailors, Thompson."One member for many years the eldest member, was Isaac Moon, the editor of the Leonardville Monitor from 1926 to 1951. He was a trustee and treasurer of the church during all of those years and remained a faithful member until his death January 27, 1954."The next oldest member was Mattie Day Anderson who was a member at Union in the beginning of the Leonardville Circuit. Both Mrs. Anderson and Mr. Moon claimed September 16 as a birth date. Mrs. Anderson's death occurred August 6, 1953."The Grandview appointment was discontinued in 1935 and membership transferred to Leonardville."The Sunday School continued through these" depression years under the superintendency of Merlin Anderson and Howard Hadin. The Ladies Aid continued to function and contributed to upkeep of the budget and the buildings. In 1940 the Kansas Conference reorganized the Ladies Aid and Missionary Society into one conference society, the Women's Society of Christian Service."On August 30, 1938, Ada Dickson and family moved into the parsonage and once more the Methodist church had a resident pastor. The Wesley Chapel, north of May Day, became a part of the Leonardville charge then it was discontinued and members transferred to churches of their choice."Rev. Ada Dickson is now serving her eighteenth conference appointment to this charge for which she received Conference recognition, in June 1955."=======1882 was a very busy year for the new town of Leonard. Not only were people moving into the town; but because of the railroad, business was booming as people from miles around came here to shop and receive commodities.Mr. A.W. Newman, a contractor and builder, was kept busy. He came to the new town from Randolph in 1882 and the Randolph Echo bemoaned their loss of such a fine builder. By 1884 it was said that Mr. Newman had built two-thirds of the town of Leonard.Two native Welshmen, J.H. Jenkins and Chas. Bacon started a drug store on the corner of Erpelding and Second. Mr. Jenkins had come to America from Wales in 1869 and had settled at Bala before moving to Leonard. Mr. Bacon was associated in the drug store only a short time before he went into the real estate and insurance business. He had just come from Wales in 1882. He was later to become the first City Clerk.B. Jones moved a building here from Riley Centre in March of that year and became proprietor of the Leonard House. This is the building north of the present Chaffee Hardware. Ira Wilcox moved his livery stable from Riley Centre here in September of 1882. It would accommodate 30 horses. His son, Hubbard, and D.E. Dupey purchased the stable near the depot.James C. Kelley built the Pacific House on the west side of Erpelding near the depot. It was two stories high and consisted of a main building and wing and was built by Mr. Newman. This is now the home of Mr. and Mrs. Delbert Brees.=======The family of W.A. Anderson had moved to a homestead about a mile and a half from Leonard in the summer of 1880, Mr. Anderson, now in Shreveport, La., writes;"I am reminded of an amazing occurrence in my early boyhood. It happened in the spring of 1882, about two years after my family moved to Kansas, Riley County, from our old home in Chicago."About the first thing my father, James Anderson, did was to build a new stone house. It fronted east and had a door in the south side from which we could view all the barns and corn cribs."I was standing in the doorway one morning and saw a big black cloud in the southwest, but there was no wind whatever blowing. Suddenly I saw the well buckets and wheels that brought up our drinking water from a 30-foot stonewalled well, not over 30 feet from the house, suddenly pulled out of the well. At the same time I saw all four sides of a corn crib, containing about 3,000 bushels of unshelled corn, go up in the air and loose corn fell around the four sides of the crib."A small wheat granary a little way south of the ruined crib was standing unhurt, but had a corner knocked off by something that fell on it. Afterwards we found all the smashed lumber from the crib over in the stone corral which had sides some ten feet high."We (my father and I and the hired man) went over about 80 rods east of our house where we found the well buckets, rope and wheel and four sides of the open well lying unhurt in a pile on the slope about an eighth of a mile east of the house."There was a small school building on the southwest corner of a section in which we lived that completely disappeared. Not a board of it was ever discovered. So my father got lumber and rebuilt our schoolhouse for the district north of Leonardville, on the northwest corner of the northwest quarter of the section."Evidently at the same moment the schoolhouse which was more than a mile southwest of our house, was picked up by the same tornado that pulled the well buckets out of the well only 30 feet from our stone house and watched the barn and well buckets disappear. Curiously amid all these happenings I did not hear a sound or any sign of wind at all."This certainly was a wonderful demonstration of the extraordinary power of nature. My father, mother and myself moved to Riley County, Kansas, June 1, 1880. Whenever I read about storms, I am always reminded of the storm I saw, but did not hear at all, when our farm house well and corn crib were carried away in that remarkable cyclone of my boyhood."=======The schoolhouse that was destroyed was of District 59, at that time located on Mr. Nickelson's farm. The school district later became the Monitor school. The storm also turned the house of William Donnell in town upside down. They had just stepped outside leaving the baby on the bed and it was found unharmed between the joists of the floor, strange to say.The first schoolhouse in the town was built in the summer of 1882, located just south of the present Methodist Church. The money was secured by selling bonds for about $1000 to College of Manhattan. Clara Ford was the first teacher In later years, two more additions were added to the building, making a three room school.The name of the post office was changed June 28, 1882, by order of the post office department from Leonard to Leonardville because it was claimed the name Leonard was confused with the name Larned.Dr. J. Crans. a graduate of the Medical College at Keokuk, Iowa, came to Riley Centre in 1869 and in the winter of 1882 moved his drug store to Leonardville. He also tried to move his residence but bad roads came and it got stuck on the way and there it stood all winter halfway between Riley and Leonardville.It was also reported in the Clay Center Cresset which shortly moved to Leonardville that "The Republican party is on its last legs in Kansas, as well as Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York."It evidently helped in 1882 to carry a gun. "Last week John J. Myers of Alert drove his cattle to Leonard for the purpose of shipping them when some trouble came up about putting them in the stock yard. The station agent drew a revolver and snapped it at Mr. Myers, but it did not go off. The agent has skipped the country."Mr. Kilbourne, who seems to have had a great deal to do with the early town, raised enough money by subscription to purchase a bell for the school house. In 1882 he sold lots to Swanstrom, John J. Myers, Magnus Anderson, Robert Walker, James Noble, Roland Davis, E.B. Fryer, Hannah Harner, the Methodist Church, Wm. Sikes and Catherine Sikes.In February 1883 the German brethren were being preached to every night in Erpelding's hall by Rev. Schreiber. Foster Lumber Company had sold 53 carloads of coal. Dr. Crans reported considerable sickness in and about town. Leonard needed a good shoemaker and a good harness maker and in March I.L. Swagerly opened a harness shop on the south side of Erpelding which he sold in 1884 to C.E. Moffett. Peter Wettstein was feeding a herd of many swine. As for the weather it was noted that Leonard has enough wind, but too little water, but the deficiency would probably be supplied when the public well had been sunk.From the Randolph Echo, February 7, 1883, Leonardville items; "A somewhat amusing incident occurred in Leonard on Saturday nite week before last when constable John Lock with his possee comitatus went to the house of Mr. Talkington to arrest Baxter for his assault upon Mr. Thompson the day before."In searching upstairs at a pretty late hour the constable and two able bodied assistants had their attention directed to a room in the southeast corner of the house by noise from within and thought sure their man must be there. Pushing boldly into the room with drawn revolvers they surprised an innocent Methodist preacher and his wife clad somewhat thinly but very suitable for the place and time."The boys took in the situation at a glance and the good parson wondering through what misdirected train of providence they had been brought there and thinking the occasion not appropriate for preaching a sermon, holding a prayer meeting or taking up a collection, dismissed his congregation without doxology or benediction."Mr. J.N. Talkington's home was located where the Farmers Union Station is now. He kept a small stock of groceries.Since the German Evangelist and Rev. Dawson of the American Methodists were holding meetings, the Dramatic Club, for courtesy sake, discontinued their labor while the spirit was working on the good people."The contract was let to the Helms boys for the drilling of the public well. Mr. Winters had his butcher shop fixed up in first class style in the basement of the Erpelding Store. The Swedish Baptists bought four acres of land from Erpelding Bros. to erect a church on, and the Union Sabbath school was progressing in February, 1882.=======The Baptist church was the first church building in the new town. Mrs. Marie Tucker writes:"On February 16, 1878, Rev. N. B. Rairden, an American Baptist minister came to this vicinity. Meetings were held and a revival came about."In April the same year, Rev. C. G. Erickson, came from a school in Chicago. He went out on the prairies among the early settlers holding meetings in the school houses, otherwise in the homes."A number were converted to the Christian faith and on June 24, 1878, this church was organized, being twenty four members. When Rev. C.J. Erickson left at the end of the year 1879, Rev. John Peterson took up the work, after him came Rev. A.J. Bengtson."One Sunday morning when they came to the school house where the meetings were held the school house had burned to the ground, then they realized the need of a place to worship. Rev. Bengtson, being a stone mason, took upon himself the building of a church. Lots were donated and stone was hauled by the members and others. The church was built in 1883-84."A great revival came and the church reached its largest membership of eighty-one members. Several Pastors served the church through the years, a number of student pastors helped with the work during the summer months when the church was without a resident pastor."In June 1934 this church celebrated its 50th anniversary. Rev. G.A. Dalquist of Enterprise was the guest speaker. From this church has gone out two ministers, Rev. Chas. G. Bengtson and Rev. Carl Victor Anderson of Walsburg. The Y.P.S. and Sunday School were very active through the years. The Ladies Aid contributed much to the Church and missions. Many of its members moved away and others have gone to their reward, so there were too few to carry on the work, but the church has retained a warm friendly influence in the community and precious memories remain of those who have worshipped within its walls."=======The present home of Mr. and Mrs. Roland Skalla, south of the park, was the Baptist parsonage.Late in February, 1883, Mr. Wm. B. L. Bredberg, steamship agent, reported several ticket sales. There was 30 feet of water in the 70 foot deep hole of the public well. Corn was selling at 32 cents a bushel. Mr. Talkington had built a shoe shop. Mr. Schoonhofer of Riley Centre was drilling a well for Mr. Kelley of the Pacific House using an eight horse power drill. A correspondent of the Randolph Echo reported the first birth in Leonardville and mentioned that "the burg has been settled two years and has 200 inhabitants. What kind of people do they have over there anyway?" Leona Bredberg was the first baby girl and Leonard Sumners was the first boy.Leona Bredberg later married John Ericson and lived in Kansas City where she passed away at the age of 73, August 6, 1956.In April, 1883, it was reported that the population had increased 68% in two months, but did not mention the population. Mr. Kilbourne postmaster put in a new letter box rack with over 200 open boxes and 30 lock boxes. Four prairie schooners went through Leonard from Blue Springs, Nebr. They settled 7 miles west of the town.P.H. Dodge put up a feed mill, the Diamond, and chopped all kinds of grain. A Sunday School was organized with Mr. Hall elected Superintendent. Green, next station west had 11 residences and 54 inhabitants.In May Dr. Crans' house arrived from Riley Centre and took up "suitable quarters" in the eastern part of town. The Catholic Church was looking for lots to build on. They were commencing work on the roads and with the new sidewalks, which looked immense, you could walk from the depot clear up to the post office without sticking in the mud.Prof. Cress of Riley Center started building a music store. Mr. J. Barkyoumb's billiard hall was completed that summer of 1883. In August they were still hauling stone for the Swedish Baptist Church. The bakery was nearing completion and the Riley County Nursery, located midway between Randolph and Leonardville was advertising fruit trees, J.W. Blackly, Proprietor.Mr. Wes M. Enlow who played E-flat cornet was the leader of the Leonardville band. The members were; A.W. Nutz, E-flat clarinet, E. Starcher, A.G. Cress, J.W. Beck who all played cornets; Ed Klinor and S.S. Rogers on altos; J. Jones, tenor; H.P. McCord, baritone; Wm. McCord, tuba; F.T. McClary, bass drum; C. Kliner, snare drum.In November the roof was placed on the Swedish Baptist Church. Mr. W. A. Anderson remembers; "My mother worshiped in a stone church. I understood the sermons preached in Swedish quite as well as English, though I never could read or write Swedish. My father served in the Civil War as a seaman, being on an English blockade runner which was captured. They allowed him to enlist in the American Navy. He was mustered out at Fort Monroe at the close of the War of the States." 0.E. Castor sold his hardware business to the Rogers Bros., W.H. and S.S., and spent his time drilling wells, of which he had drilled about 50 by mid 1883. Rogers Bros. in 1885 sold to P.J. Stafford. Dr. F.M. Thomas, who was graduated from a New York medical college in 1869, came to Leonardville on March 8, 1883, and was prominent in the early church of the town. A.G. Cress opened the Music Store with a stock of $600 and then went into association with Enoch Starcher in the furniture business. Rowland Davis who had been in the furniture business at Bala for 14 years built a two story building on the corner of Erpelding and 2nd. Phillip Young built a billiard hall on the east side of Erpelding, but sold to Laflin and then to Bredberg. The Odd Fellows organized in the fall of 1883 and held meetings in the second floor of the Davis building. Richard Burk had moved his stock to town during May, from his location on Fancy Creek where he had been since 1862.=======The Evangelical Church had had a minister for three years, but in March 1884, Rev. Wm. Heiser returned to this work. The following history is taken from the 75th anniversary booklet, December 4, 1955, of the Evangelical United Brethren Church:"The Evangelical United Brethren Church of Leonardville had its beginnings in 1880 when Rev. Wm. Heiser served the Big Blue Circuit in the Kansas Conference of the Evangelical Association. The appointments in the Circuit were: Swede Creek of Big Blue Mission, Hanover, Clay Center, and Mill Creek of Junction Mission. Christian Hoch, who had homesteaded two miles south and one-fourth mile east of the present site of Leonardville, had heard Rev. Heiser and requested him to come to his home to baptize two of the Hoch children. When Rev. Heiser arrived he found a houseful of people to whom he preached the first sermon that led to the formation of a church here. The second time he came to preach, arrangements were made to hold services in the Fairview School House. Regular Meetings were held every two weeks with additional prayer meetings and services held in various homes in the community. The members of the first class that was organized were: Martin Gravenstein and wife, Geelke; Lucas Buss and wife, Greitje; George Buss and Derk Buss. In 1881 a revival was held for five weeks in the winter at Swede Creek. Many from this community were converted there."After which, in 1884 Rev. Heiser returned to the work here. On March 5, 1884 a meeting was held in the home of G.R. Nanninga in charge of the Conference Supt. J. Wuerth. It was decided to build a church and $700 was secured immediately. On March 11, 1884, the following trustees were elected; G.R. Nanninga, Henry Dierolph, Jacob Benninga, Juergen Nanninga. The Building Committee was Rev. Heiser, G.R. Nanninga and M.R. Gravenstein. The present location was secured and a church building, 28' x 44', was built at a cost of $2121. Because of the death of Pastor Heiser, Rev. E.E. Evans took charge of the work. About this time a Sunday School was organized with Derk Buss as superintendent. Long before this Father Reinders Nanninga and Father Lucas Buss used to gather the children for Bible study. They also conducted a school where the German language was taught."Leonardville was taken from the Big Blue Circuit in 1885 and formed into a Mission with T.R. Nanninga as pastor."The first parsonage was obtained in 1888, later it was remodeled. It is located one block west of the present parsonage. In 1943 the new, modern parsonage was built at a cash cost of $6400, exclusive of several thousand dollars of donated labor."The Church was remodeled in 1908. The Mill Creek congregation merged with the Leonardville Church in 1921. In 1923 further improvements were made on the church building, including the east room and the downstairs rooms."The women have had a great part in the progress of the Church. The Women's Society of World Service was organized in 1898 with Mrs. M. Manshardt as President."=======The March issue of the Randolph Echo reported: "As Mr. Gust Brandenburg a young man who lives near Burk's Store on Fancy Creek, was hauling hay on Wednesday, last, his team became frightened and ran away, seriously if not fatally injuring Mr. Brandenburg." The Catholic Church in Leonardville was dedicated, a large congregation being present. This building is the present home of Mr. & Mrs. George Zeisset. Mrs. R.D. Williams was the proprietor of the first millinery shop in town. It was on Erpelding near the business center of town. In April 1884, Mrs. Jennie Rogers and Miss Lizzie Evans had gone east after goods to open a millinery and dressmaking store. Their location was to be over Roger Bros. hardware store.Riley County in 1884 consisted of 617 square miles and 19.67 people per square mile. Bala township listed 1,177 people. Post offices of that year were Bala, Big Timber, Grant, Leonardville, Magic, Manhattan, May Day, Ogden, Randolph, Riley, Stockdale, Vinton, Wildcat, Winkler's Mills and Zeandale. Leonardville's population was listed at 200.Early in the year the Erpelding Bros. donated 3 lots and the railroad company donated three to Mr. Condray for a mill site.It was April 3, 1884 that the Clay Center Cresset became the Leonardville Monitor with P.S. Loofbourrow as the publisher. This made seven papers in the county. The new paper reported how proud they were of the 100 feet wide streets. It also reported some things they wanted: trees, a brick yard, a herder for cattle, flour mills, creamery, a park, side walks. The Masonic Lodge and Knights of Pythias were organized. There was a GAR Post and the first circus came to town on May 6.The market report on April 10, 1884 read; Fat Cows, $3.50 to $4.50, Steers, 2 yrs old, $4.75; Potatoes, 55 cents; eggs, 10 cents; wheat no. 2, 75 to 78 cents; corn 30 cents; rye 35 cents, hogs $4.75 to $5.00; butter 15 cents to 20 cents. The mill was started by Mr. Condray of Manhattan and Mr. E.D. Sumners of Leonardville. It was located on the north side of the railroad near the water tanks. There were four trains running, the cemetery association was formed and the bank was opened on June 1 by P.D. Smith ,late of Osborne. He was succeeded by J.A. Sparks in June l887 who organized, under the state banking laws and took out the first charter. He later sold to Wm. Karrigan and in 1903 it was taken over by Ed. Nickelson.The Randolph Echo had a Leonardville correspondent who reported several of the more interesting happenings in the town. It reported: "One of the most unique sensations was witnessed the other day in Leonardville. The saloon keeper, seeing two ladies sitting in a buggy to which no horse was attached, hitched himself to the vehicle and started pell-mell down the street. Fortunately, his endurance was not very great and he soon gave out, which saved the trouble of filling out the procession with an irate husband and father with shot guns in pursuit."And later: "In Dr. Crans office in Leonardville hangs this beautiful motto: "What is home without a wife." We never saw before this sentiment so beautifully wrought in letters. It is brilliant zepher work, done on perforated card board and constitutes a beautiful ornament to the clean white wall against which it hangs."During April and May of 1884 a newspaper, a bank, a skating rink, a new meat market, a new livery stable, a barber shop, a new millinery store and a number of new dwelling houses were put up. The Erpelding residence, to cost the astounding amount of $5000 was started and there were complaints of hogs running loose.The Cornet Band furnished the music for the big July 4 celebration at Randolph. The Republican County Convention was held here July 12, 1884. Capt. Gordon sold his lot east of Mr. Thompson's for $150 for the site of a new church.T.W. Chaffee purchased the steam thrasher owned by P. Dodge and spent the rest of the summer of 1884 threshing "the immense crop of grain grown in the vicinity." The yield was 35 to 38 bushel of wheat and Mr. Chaffee threshed over four thousand bushels that season. Wm. Raymond opened up a fruit and confectionery store and in connection with it a lunch room and ice cream parlor. Charles Bacon and wife returned from a trip to England. Prof. Walters was engaged in drawing plans for a German Methodist Church to be built soon. "The plans convince us that this denomination will have a building of which it may be proud. The structure will cost about $2500."A dance was given by the boys in the Cornet Band in August of 1884. According to the Monitor "it was a pleasant and enjoyable affair and quite well attended. Dr. Crans was voted the laziest man in town. Then Prof Miller, Starcher, Barkyoumb and P.D. Smith. Miss Lillie Fox was voted the cake for being the prettiest girl in town."Other stores that were opened in 1884 included the Christensen Bros. skating rink; a blacksmith shop by Gustaf Ekland; Smith and Griffith blacksmith and wagon shop; D.D.M. Easton, painter; Wm. Haskins and Mr. Thompson engaged in buying and shipping stock; A.W. Nutz was the station agent; Peter Wettstein had a large hennery adjoining town on the east; Dr. Stewart was the dentist; Magnus Anderson had a furniture store; Judge James Campbell held the honorable and lucrative position of Justice of Peace. The Clay Center Creamery was running several wagons, gathering cream. Dr H.A. Meier was the county coroner, located previously at May Day.Also in 1884 Lewis Laflin had a stone ice house on the rear of his billiard hall lot. Wm. McBryer was building a bowling alley, 75 feet long. Henry Boy, a German, had a boot and shoe shop. Mr. Winters had gone out of business in the meat market because of poor health. The Steinmetz Bros. had a blacksmith shop. The Mill by Condray and Sumners was completed in October with a capacity of 60 to 75 barrels per day.The Erpeldings donated to the town a five acre block south of and adjacent to the present town site. "They will also donate to the city a park consisting of several acres of ground in the vicinity and lay off in connection with these an addition to the town site."School opened that fall on September 1 with fair attendance. Prof. A.J. Swingle was in charge. The Monitor of September 4 asked "shall we incorporate?"A $1000 school bond was proposed to the voters in September. "Two or three projected houses will not be built since school bonds did not carry. Nels Osterberg and Carl Halbert have gone to Fostoria. Leonardville has lost two good carpenters. About one-third of the children of the district will be deprived of school privileges for want of room." In October bonds were voted to build an addition to the schoolhouse.The foundation for the Evangelical church nearly opposite the Swedish Baptist church was being pushed by the pastor.Almost every issue of the Monitor at the end of 1884 was asking for incorporation. "Would it not be well to call a public meeting for the purpose of considering and taking action upon the incorporation question. Our town is sadly in need of systematic direction and its affairs, which can only be secured through a city government.""How about incorporating. We need sidewalks, and graded streets and we want non-resident street hawkers, shows, etc. to help make them."It was almost a year later, August 18, 1885, before the town was incorporated. The first Mayor was Lewis Laflin; Police Judge, James Campbell, and on the city council were R. Allingham, W.H. Sikes, A.W. Newman, Geo. Erpelding and Sam Foster.From the Randolph Echo, Oct 17, 1884: "Several of our young ladies went over to the Republican Rally at Leonardville. They heard one speaker say: Politics make strange bed fellows, and they blushed and said they wanted to go home.The Erpelding residence was finished and they had moved into it in November 1885. This is the present home of Mr. and Mrs. Bill Schrum.In 1885 70% of the county was in farms which were valued at $4,951,827. Bala township had an assessed valuation of $173,249: There was a tri-weekly stage to Junction City from here, and daily mail.The first ordinance of the incorporated town setting the meeting times for the mayor and council was approved and passed Sept. 11, 1885. Charles Bacon was clerk and Lewis Laflin was Mayor. Other early ordinances included the duties of the city marshal, city clerk, police judge, licensing of dogs, licensing of pool, bowling and skating, shows, theatres - these were for traveling shows, the licenses lasted only three days. Ordinance No. 12 was for construction of sidewalks and the first ones built were 10 feet wide built from 2x6's from the Pacific Hotel on the west, north to the post office, and on the east side from the railroad depot to Ira Wilcox's livery stable. Side walks for the side streets, including to the city limits on the east were subsequently built, but only 5 feet wide.In December 1885, $250 was appropriated to buy a cemetery site. In 1886 and '87 duties of the city board of health were set by ordinance, it was unlawful for minors to hitch rides on the railroad and a tax levy of 10 mills was imposed.The Union Pacific bought and widened the railroad in 1890, but the road which was to extend from Leavenworth to Denver was never completed. In 1928 the L.K.& W., popularly called Leave Kansas and Walk, ceased operation and all equipment was removed.The town which had started with such high dreams had prospered, but was never destined to be much larger in size. In 1890 Leonardville had reached its peak in population with 410, by 1900 it was down to 325.There have been several fires in the town. One of the worst was in 1893 before there was a water works. All the buildings were wooden from the livery barn at the south end of Erpelding where the lumber yard is, up to and including the corner drug store. A few years later, a livery stable and a few other buildings in the same block burned. At one time the Schwartz store burned at the site of the present show building.The number of old timers who remember these hectic years of the new town is rapidly decreasing as they pass on. Horace Doyle, one of the few left, remembers: "Early days events of Leonardville as near as I can remember, 75 years ago, if you wanted, your mail, you went 1/2 mile west, 1/2 north to the post office on Kilbourne farm. He was an old soldier. Post office now was a blacksmith shop run by Charley Phelps. Theatre building was a general store run by Swenson Bros. Stock buyers were Sell Thompson and Ike Warren; drayman, Ed Daniels. South and west part of town, Burk's store, Stafford Hardware, Dr. Crans. Spark's Bank, next Erpelding store, run by Frank, George and John. East side before the fire, Bert Kendall's livery stable, Charley Lind store, Cumins pool hall, Pritchard's shoe store, Fred Colt drug store on corner. North side Davis store, later Bardwell's, now Chaffee's, Lewis Pearson meat market. West side: W.H. Sikes, and Doyle Bros. later bought and enlarged by Sikes Co. North of Sikes store was Bredberg toy and novelty store."=======Oliver Lund wrote several years ago about the first settler days in the area that later became School District 52, or Pleasant Hill. "Those old boys didn't just move in, nothing to move into (about 1870) so among other firsts, especially water, a house or shelter of some kind had to be constructed. As this was all high prairie with no springs or running water, we can all think back and realize their difficulties. As I was only 2 years old, I'm not here to tell how they did this or that I feel sure there was plenty of work to do and I'm surprised that they all stuck. All the homesteads on or near streams had been settled before, so no doubt they were a big help in various ways. No real hardships or near starvation was experienced by any one that I ever heard of and I believe they really enjoyed the life, at least after the first year. Of course there was little variety and the sameness became monotonous. The most tiresome to me was herring and salt whitefish and potatoes. I was not old enough for that kind of fare, but it was eat it or else."There was one happening that stands out in my memory and that was the great migration of grasshoppers of June, 1874. Not since has there been anything like it or even approaching the like and never will be again."I went to school at about six years. This was also my first introduction to the English language. School was held in Ole Swedeberg's cellar. The teacher was Nellie Bardwell who was 13 or 14 at the time. We learned to count by the stair steps. No school district had been organized."Now skip a year or two, then to herding our cows. I was eight and don't remember skipping a day all summer. Our cows and Walstrom's and usually Swenson's. The poor calves had to be broke to ride. No one could afford a pony in those days and with only 2 work horses, small chance of riding them. The second year of herding added cows of Hedland's, Louis Lund's and Stoneberg's to the herd. Herding cows was the nicest and easiest work I ever did and what fun. Dozens of nice ponds to swim in and with lots of fish, too, but it couldn't last. The Rus-well barb wire was a new invention so my carefree days were over. I don't think that any of the boys escaped field work after 10 years old or even younger. Monty Rundquist at 8 plowed a whole field probably 6 or 7 acres, when he could little more than reach up to the handles. At corners he would lay the plow down and let horses make turn then straighten up the plow. Round corners of course that had to be plowed last by themselves."With so little money to spend all had to watch the corners. A man with several hundred dollars was considered rich. And to borrow a hundred dollars took close scrutiny."Pleasant Hill finally developed into a big school when there were some seats with three sitting in them. The many dialects of the Swedes was a source of teasing."Next the railroad, and how I watched the smoke coming closer every day. Doyle's, then came in sight on Backlund's place, Louis Lund's and across a tiny corner of Walstrom's. Charley Wickstrom boarded with us while working on the grading."Soon our new address was Green, Clay Co. Kansas. C.L. Caley, postmaster. But he had something better, a sorghum mill. The whole family helped make the best molasses and as good as anyone could. wish."I should have named a few of the first settlers on Otter Creek. Besides Caley's there was J.J. Myers, Bill Dix, and I think Brees qualify, Watson Brees, Jonathan Glovers. Next we'll have to get acquainted with the town people, Nimrod Young, postmaster, with Ted acting postmaster, then a grocery store Young and Iams, Jackson Hainey and son, Jim, grocery and dry goods, hats, caps, boots and shoes the ads read. One time I happened in Young and Iams store when they were plenty worried. Mrs. Walstrom had asked for 'moosket.' They had many shelves bare and things on the counter. 'Nutmeg' sez I."Sol Bardwell and I would ride up to Green on Friday evening to get Golden Argosy when it came about 10 p.m., spend some time at Cochrans restaurant. Thornton's had a hardware store and grain elevator and Thornton and Wilson, hog buyers; Stover Moon, blacksmith; Sol Weichselbaum of May Day soon after quit his store; Sam Byarley at May Day had some farm machinery. Think Mrs. Byarley was postmistress. Some time later M. Senn put up a store at Lasita, also named it that, later was postmaster there. Frank J. Lund took over the store and later the elevator and made Lasita an important center as well as shipping of live stock from there."My folks did nearly all their grocery buying in Leonardville, mostly at Erpeldings as Pa got the biggest sack of candy there, for free of course as was the custom at all grocery stores in those days."======Such were the early life and times of Leonardville. It is still a thriving community, mainly due to the farmers in the surrounding territory who were the backbone of the town in the early days and are still aiding it.=======
Acknowledgement is here made to the following for help on this history: W.H. Sikes, W.A. Anderson, Horace Doyle, Oliver Lund, Mr. and Mrs. Sig Johnson, Mrs. Bessie Wohler, Mrs. Marie Tucker, Mrs. Oscar Johnson, Mrs. B. Sikes, Rev. L.N. Dahlsten's writings, The Riley Independent, The Randolph Echo, The May Day Gleaner, and The Leonardville Monitor.

Written by: D. Marcellus in August 1956

Tuesday, August 21, 2007

Guillaume Julien Seguin/Angele Andre St. Amant

My ggg grandparetns, I found this and can't wait to browse through the site. I'm putting it here so it's not lost !

Page 1 of 219
[ Home Page First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page Index of Pages ]
Birth date
Birth location
Marriage date
Marriage location
?, Georgiana

Auclair, Joseph
Abt. 1899
St. Felicien, Le Domaine du roi, Que.
?, Rose Delima
May 1852

Ferland, Magloire


??, Felicite



Pelletier, Jean Bernard
November 1799


Pelletier, Andre
June 1803


Pelletier, Jean Baptiste
February 1798


Pelletier, Bernard
January 1801


Pelletier, Francois Maurice
July 1819


Pelletier, Joseph M.
November 1792


Pelletier, Jean Francois
October 1793


Auclair, Adrien


Seguin, ???

???, Kowalski

Periard, Janet

???, Mayou

Periard, Dorothy


Seguin, Eleonore




Marcoux, Jean Baptiste


??, Felicite


Seguin, Girl




Parant, M.
December 1730

Abraham, Francoise
Normandie, France
Marcoux=, Thomas

Achin, Andre

Achin, Francois

Seguin, M. Madeleine
January 1704
Longueil, Que.
Achin, Francois
June 1712

Ackerman, Maurine

Seguin, Eugene

Adams, Nadine Elda

Seguin, Armand
January 1942

December 1854

Seguin, Joseph


Seguin, Joseph

Aitcheson, Edith Loretta

Vezeau, J. Paul
July 1940
Prince Albert, Sask.
Alain, Louise

Marcoux, Jean Baptiste
August 1843
Notre Dame, Quebec, Que.
Alarie, Marie

Auclair, Louis
April 1929
Loretteville, Que. Canada
Albert, Marie

Perillard, J. Augustin
July 1857
Papineauville, Que.

Xavier, Francois

Allard, Adeline

Marcoux, Antoine
May 1855
Marieville, Que.
Allard, Andre

Allard, Jean Baptiste

Auclair-, Marie J.
August 1746

Allard, M. Chistine
November 1696

Jacques, Nicholas
November 1719
Charlesbourg, Que.
Allard, Marie

Marcoux, J. Eusebe Emile Anselme
June 1856
St. Jean Baptiste, Rouville, Que.

Vezeau, Vanessa Coleen

Allier, M. Genevieve

Marcoux, Pierre

November 1831

Seguin, Arthur

Alphi, Alice
August 1894

Alphi, Beatrice
March 1895

Alphi, Clarisse
March 1899


Auclair, Charles

Amant, Angele Andre-St.

Seguin, Guillaume Julien
August 1849
Coteau du Lac, Que.
Amant, Guilliaume Lacombe-St.
Louisanna, N.O.
Quevillon, Catherine
July 1703

Amaranger-Marinier, Celine

Perillard, Hyacinthe
October 1870
Oka, Quebec

Lela May Houle

Someone was nice enough to send this ad to me:

Breese DNA Project Breakthrough

I was cleaning out old emails and came across this from Alice Clark. She is in charge of the Breese DNA Project (if interested, there is a link on my blog to take you to it). I had my son Christian take a dna sample for the group. He is the ggg grandson of Watson Clark Breese. Alice was quite pleased with the link Christian's sample proved. Here is the email I received from Alice:

Sue, Christian is the son of Tanya and Nick. Tanya just told me that it was Christian, not Nick, who took the test. I have changed the name in the records.You should both have received the e-mail showing the analysis of the results. The results will be further refined when we get the 67- marker results for Christian -- expected in February.Tanya, Sue is the sister of Charles, who took the test.These results mean that Sue, Christian and I are all some sort of cousins. This is especially significant given that none of the other Breeses who have taken the test show any connection with each other. I suggest we start comparing family trees to see if we can find the connection.Sue and I are both descendants of Moses Breese, who was born in NJ circa 1775 and died in Delaware County, IN in 1847. Attached is a report showing some info on the first 4 generations down from Moses. I am from the Nancy Breese/Richard Clark line. Sue, please correct any errors you many find.Sue: Tanya and I have been wondering for some time whether there was a connection between the families. One reason was that there is a Watson Clark in my family and a Watson Clark BREESE in her husband's, born 4 years later than Watson Clark.What do you two think of all this?I am copying my father, George Clark.Regards,Alice

Illinois State Memorial at Vicksburg

This is a great site showing pictures of the monument at Vicksburg along with information on Illinois troops.

Watson C. Brees Pension Records

This is taken out of my Brees(e) Genealogy book that was put together by Donna Allen.

From Pension and War Dept Records

The brief biography is followed by a detailed synopsis of the records from which the information was obtained. With one exception, all entries were hand written on prepared forms and the synopsis uses the same wording and spelling as the hand written entries. Relative to the name spelling, there can be no doubt that Watson spelled it Brees. (I covered the name spelling in the blog somewhere else about why the "E" was added, at least to my husband line). There are a number of items he has personally signed and they are all signed "Brees". There are many examples of mis-spelling, most commonly Breese, but also Breece, Bress, Brease, and Brese. (The Illinois monument at Vicksburg has it "Watson Breese".
(The mis-spellings listed here are funny to me as the most common mis-spelling we have now with the name is "Breeze".
Watson C. Brees was born in Greene Co, Indian, (Carlisle), which is southwest of Indianapolis, on 27JUN1831. They moved to Canton, Il, in Fulton County, west of Peoria, abt 1846. Other communities listed in Fulton County are Barnes (or Baumis) and Coples (Coppisas) Creek. He married Sarah Dugan on 23SEP1855. Children were: Albert A Brees born on 9SEP1856, Eliza (Lida) Jane Brees born 1JUL1864, Maggie Ann Brees born 21FEB1866, Mathew W. Brees born 9JAN1871, Ida May Brees born 20MAY1873 and Festus D Brees born 5AUG1875. (Festus D. Brees, or Delbert Festus Brees is Nick's g grandfather and this is the only notation I have seen with his name turned around. I have always assumed his name was "Delbert Festus Brees" so not sure if this was a typo or not). The first 3 were born in Illinois, but don't know if the last three were all born in Kansas or not as records don't show when they moved to Kansas, although it was sometime between 1Nove1868 (last item from Illinois) and Sept 1883 (first item from Kansas).

Watson enlisted at Canton, Illinois on 6AUG1862 into Captain Franklin C Post's Company E of the 103 Illinois Volunteer Infantry. During this time it was not uncommon for a leading citizen to appoint himself as a military leader and recruit men to serve under him. It is probable that a bonus of some sort was involved as there is a record of $25.00 bonus money being received with $75.00 still owed. Activities of the 103rd Illinois during the Civil War have not yet been researched, but there is a notation of marching in the rain between Jackson, TN and Holly Springs, Ms in Nov 1862 and the 103rd was involved in the siege of Vicksburg in June and early July, 1863. However, it's possible that Watson didn't participate in this siege as the records indicate he may have been in the hospital at LaGrange, or Memphis, TN with pneumonia. He was wonded during the battle of Missionary Ridge near Chattanooga, TN on 25NOV1863 by a musket ball (probably a Minnie ball as both sides used these). The ball entered the lower jaw, left side, fracturing it, then passing through and downward under the skin and emerging an inch above the clavicle (collar bone) on the right side. A slight leg wound is also noted. Listed as being in the hospital at Bridgeport, which is probably Bridgeport, Al, Cumberland U.S. Army General Hospital, Nashville, TN and he was probably in several others prior to furlough on 16JAN1864. Treated again in Sept, Oct, Nov 1864 at Camp Butler General Hospital, Illinois. Was discharged 18NOV1864 at Camp Butler.
Watson was 5 feet 10 1/2 inches tall, dark complexion, dark eyes and black hair. He is supposed to have homesteated the place at Alert and probably lived in the dugout while building the house some 3/8 of a mile east of the dugout site. His wife Sarah, died 5MAR1899 and at this time his mother in law, Mary Ann Dugan was living with them. Watson died 21 MAR 1911 and is buried in Mayday Cemetery, WNW of Mayday Ks (I have pictures of his and Sarah's grave and will post one day when I find where I put them!)

Company Muster Rolls:

1. Muster In Roll for Watson Breece, 2OCT1862, Peoria, Illinois

2. 2-31 Oct 1862 for Watson C. Breece, present

3. November and December 1892 for Watson C. Breese, present

4. January and February 1863 for Watson C. Breese, present

5. 12APR1863 for Watson C. Brees, present (special muster)

6. March and April 1863 for Watson C. Brees, present

7. May and June 1863 for Watson C. Breece, absent - left at LaGrange, Tn, sick

8. July and August 1863 for Watson C. Breese, absent - left in hospital at Memphis, TN, 8JUN1863

9. September and October 1863 for Watson C. Breece, present

10. November and December 1863 for Watson C. Breese, absent - wounded at Missionary Ridge 25NOV1863-in hospital

11. January and February for Watson C. Breese, absent. Stoppage for trans. 9.6.22 Wounded 25 Nov at home on furlough

12. March and April 1864 for Watson C. Breese, absent - wounded 25NOV1863 at home on furlough

13. May and June 1864 for Watson C. Breese, absent - wounded 25NOV1863 at home on furlough

14. July and August 1864 for Watson C. Breese, absent - wounded 25 November 1863 at home on furlough

15. September and October 1864 for Watson C. Brese, absent - sick in Hospital at Springfield, Illinois.

16. November and December 1864 for Watson C. Breece, absent -sick in Hospital at Springfield, Illinois

17. January and February 1865 for Watson C. Brees, absent -sick in Hospital at Springfield, Illinois

18. March and April 1865 for Watson C. Breese, absent - sick in Hospital, Springfield, Illinois

19. Company Muster Out Roll dated near Louisville, Kentucky, 21 JUN 1865 for WAtson C. Breese. Last paid to 31DEC1863. Clothing account: last settled never; drawn since $79.27. Bounty paid $25.00; due $75.00. Remarks: Sick in Hospital in Springfield, Illinois

20. Apparently REverse side of 19. Watson Brees appears on list of absentees from 4MAY to 4JUN1865. Last heard from May 1865 Source of Information, Surgeon in Chief. Absent 17 months. Sick in General Hospital, Springfield, Illinois

Form from Cumberland U.S. Army Hospital, Nashville, Tennessee, 25JAN1864. States that Watson C. Breese Private Company "E", 103rd Regiment, Illinois Volunteers has been paid in this hospital by Major Brown for months of September, October, November and December 1863. Signed by C. Mc(Dumas?) Surgeon in charge.

Missionary Ridge, Chattanooga TN

Yesterday Nick had some business to do up in Chattanooga. Now that the kids are all in school, I went along with him and he wanted to go see Missionary Ridge while we were there. That is where Watson Clark Breese (Nick's gg grandfather) took his wound to the neck with a musket ball. He was with Co E of the 103 Illinois Volunteer Infantry. Here are a few pictures of the Illinois Monument.