Tuesday, December 11, 2007

Jean Baptiste Seguin-Laderoute

Born: 10 Nov 1688, Boucherville, Montréal, Québec, Canada
Marriage: Genevieve BARBEAU-BOISDORE on 7 Jun 1710 in Sainte Famille, Boucherville, Québec, Canada
Died: 13 May 1728, Montréal, Québec, Canada at age 39

General Notes:

The Family of Jean Baptiste Seguin and Genevieve Barbeau dit Boisdore

Jean Baptiste Seguin (10 Nov 1688, Boucherville, Quebec - 13 May 1728, Montreal, Quebec) married Genevieve Barbeau dit Boisdore (21 Jul 1689, Boucherville, Quebec - 13 Sep 1773, Oka, Quebec) on Tuesday, 17 Jun 1710, at the Church of Ste Famille, Boucherville, Quebec.

Jean Baptiste Seguin, born on 10 Nov 1688 at approximately four o'clock in the afternoon at Boucherville, Quebec, was baptized on 12 Nov 1688 at the parish of Ste Famille in Boucherville. His godfather was Jean Baptiste Menard, an inhabitant of Longueuil, and the godmother was Catherine Menard of Ste Famille (Holy Family) parish.
Julien Beaussault was also present and was a witness.

The future bride of Jean Baptiste was Genevieve Barbeau dit Boisdore, daughter of Jean Barbeau dit Boisdore and Marie de Noyon. An extract from the Ste Famille parish register of her baptism by the Rev de la Saudrays is recorded below, and identifies her godparents as Jean LaFond and Marguerite de Noyon:

In late 1704, Jean Baptiste, who at the time is 16 years old, sees his older brother Francois, age 26 and named for their father, become involved in a protest against a tax on salt. The protest had its origins in the early governorship of Philippe Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil. The irregularity of ships crossing the Atlantic and the high price of salt brought about the crisis. The colonists depended on salted meat and fish to get them through the winter. Fearing famine, a large crowd went to the home of a wholesale dealer who was known to have a large reserve of salt. Fr Belmont, the superior of the Sulpician order, went to meet the protestors to calm them. They had a petition asking the state to establish a lower price of salt, that other products from France be taxed to raise
money as opposed to or in addition to salt, and that the wholesaler be punished.

The Governor of Montreal, Mr de Ramesay, who was away at the time of occurrence, called on the wholesalers upon his return and convinced them to adopt a fair price. Fr Belmont sent a letter to all parish priests instructing them to read the letter at all masses, informing parishioners of the wrongfulness of mutiny. When General Governor de Vaudreuil learned of Ramesay's action, he told him he had exceeded his authority in fixing a lower price of salt. He rescinded Ramsesay's order with the salt merchants but did order the wholesale dealers to give back to the colonists any overcharge for salt. Vaudreuil was inclined to punish the protestors but he relented in this action after being persuaded by Ramesay and Fr Belmont to exercise forgiveness and leniency. Instead, Vaudreuil issued an order on 12 Dec 1704, prohibiting all residents from having meetings or they would face prosecution for sedition. The seigneurs and captains of militia were charged with ensuring the order was followed.

In the Fall of 1705, the same situation and fears arose again and a new demonstration occurred. Vaudreuil ordered the arrest of the noisiest protestors, and Ramesay executed the order. Consequently, Jean Baptiste's brother, Francois, a resident of Lachenaye, was arrested and placed in the Montreal jail. He apparently was released though, pending the commencement of an official inquiry.

On 26 Oct 1705, the Intendant, Mr Raudot, instructed his subordinate in Montreal, Sieur Fleury dit Deschambault to begin proceedings against the "rebels." Five days later, in a new order, he authorized an inquiry into the actions of Francois Seguin. Under the law, Francois was considered guilty unless he could otherwise prove his innocence, and was not allowed to be represented by a lawyer. On 31 Oct 1705, Deschambeault interrogated his prisoner, and also learned of an accomplice, Jean Baptiste Lapointe. Francois was questioned again on 25 Nov 1705. The following day, Intendant Raudot commanded that
Francois and Lapointe be arrested and taken to prison for further questioning. Francois, father of an 18 month old daughter, had to take leave of his wife, Marie Louise (Feuillon) Seguin, who was expecting their second child. On 8 Dec 1705, the two accused men were transferred to Quebec City to repeat their depositions asserting their innocence. In this system, Francois' two older brothers, Pierre (age 33) and Simon (age 31) were compelled to act as prosecution witnesses.

Christmas passed and on 4 Jan 1706, the proceedings resumed when Intendant Raudot ordered nine other witnesses to appear at the request of the prosecutor, Paul Dupuy. Finally, on 9 Jan 1706, the court rendered its verdict, concluding that both Francois and Lapointe were guilty of holding meetings to present a request to contravene the Governor General's ordinance of 1704. The court blamed Francois in particular as having "held seditious speeches which could entice those hearing them to revolt." Both men were fined 30 pounds sterling and were forbidden to violate the ordinance again. The punishment, imposed while Vaudreuil was governor, was considered light, and would likely have meant being sent to the king's galleys under the previous governor,
Frontenac. The Minister de Pontchartrain reproached Vaudreuil even as late as 20 Jun 1707 in a letter. He accused Vaudreuil of mildness and that more of an example should have been made of the two men, otherwise, the government would be seen as weak by the "rebels," who would likely continue such activities.

Thus ended the prosecutorial action of Jean Baptiste's brother. Was Francois a troublemaker or just a leader who did not hesitate to put his liberty in jeopardy to help his fellow citizens in their claim for what was fair and just? Such were the conditions and times that our direct ancestor, Jean Baptiste Seguin, lived in as he approached adulthood.

Four years later, on 7 Jun 1710, Jean Baptiste Seguin and Genevieve Barbeau were married in a ceremony performed by Fr Pierre Rodolphe de la Saudrays, at Ste Famille parish in Boucherville, Quebec. Together this couple forms Generation III of the Seguin family line. Their entry in the parish register is recorded:

On the seventh day of June 1710, having obtained dispensation of the banns from Mr. Colombiere, the grand Archdeacon and Vicar General of the Monsignor Bishop of Quebec, I the undersigned priest of Boucherville, married in the Boucherville church of Holy Family of Boucherville, Jean Baptiste Seguin, age 22 years, the son of deceased Francois Seguin dit Laderoute, and of Jeanne Petit his living spouse dwelling at Boucherville, with Genevieve Barbot Boisdore, age 21 years, the daughter of Sir Jean Barbot and of Marie de Noyon his spouse, inhabitants of Boucherville, and having given to them the nuptial blessing in the presence of Sir Boisdore the father of the bride, of Mr LaBaume, cirugien and royal notary, of Mr Tetro, school master, and Nicolas du Bray, witnesses and friends of the husband who have signed with me according to the ordinance.
R. de la Soudrays, priest
/s/ Barbot, Taillandier, Louyse de Noyon

On 25 Mar 1725, the first census of Vaudreuil conducted by Philippe de Rigaud, Marquis of Vaudreuil, counted 38 families, eight of which never settled to work and farm the land. Thirty families, however, settled on their concessions. Jean Baptiste was one of these first settlers and the date of his possession (Concession #15 of l'Anse) was prior to that of the Leger and the Poirier families, making Jean Baptiste's family the oldest of Vaudreuil Township.

He died 13 May 1728 at the Hotel of God at age 45 and was buried 14 May 1728 in an area east of Montreal called Chambly. Name mentioned in the burial register: M. Falcoz priest, Simon Monginos
(Mongeneau) bedeau and M. Julien priest.

Genevieve remarried on 18 Apr 1730 in Montreal to Charles Philippe Rolland, and they had a daughter, Genevieve Marguerite Rolland who died at the age of 2 (16 Dec 1730 - 26 Dec 1732). Genevieve at age 55, had a third marriage, to Jean Besnard on 3 Feb 1744 at Montreal. She passed away on 26 Dec 1732 and was buried at Oka, QC.

Noted events in his life were:

• Occupation: Farmer of Giasson, 1717.

Jean married Genevieve BARBEAU-BOISDORE, daughter of Jean Baptiste BARBEAU-BOISDORE and Marie DENOYON, on 7 Jun 1710 in Sainte Famille, Boucherville, Québec, Canada. (Genevieve BARBEAU-BOISDORE was born on 20 Jul 1689 in Boucherville, Montréal, Québec, Canada and died on 13 Sep 1773 in Oka, Deux Montagnes, Quebéc, Canada.)

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